Science

As Scientists at Perton Middle School, we ask questions about the world we live in and test them out. We do not learn lists of facts we aim to explore a range of phenomena with an open and inquisitive mind.

The curriculum is delivered in small units that cover the 3 disciplines of Science Chemistry, Biology and Physics. Within each unit we learn how to work and think scientifically through practical scientific methods, processes and skills.

Teaching British Values

Science helps to prepare Perton students for British life by helping them to understand the spiritual conflicts that science can cause in modern society and providing knowledge to enable them to respect the views of others and move forward.

Year 5

As Biologists we will explore the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird. We will explore the life processes of some animals and plants. We will also investigate the changes in humans as they develop into old age.

As Chemists we will compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets. We will investigate how solutions are formed and how mixtures might be separated and we will explore changes that are reversible and irreversible.

As Physicists we will explore the movement of the Earth, Sun and Moon in relation to one another. We will investigate the effect of air resistance, water resistance and gravity on unsupported objects and recognise the use of some mechanisms such as levers.

Year 6

As Biologists we will explore how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics, based on similarities and differences. We will identify the main parts of the human circulatory system and digestive system and examine the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood. We will explore the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way our bodies function.

As Biologists we will also explore how living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago. We will also investigate how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.

As Physicists we will explore how light travels and investigate how shadows are formed and can change shape. We explore how different components work in electrical circuits and how a bulb can be made brighter and a buzzer louder. We also learn the scientific symbols for electrical components.

Year 7

As Biologists we explore how the body is made up of cells, the role of cells and how some cells are specialised to carry out the life processes. We explore how plants and animal reproduce and how genetic information is passed on from one generation to the next. We investigate how animals and plants are suited to the environment and how humans can impact upon that environment.

As Chemists we explore the particle model and how to separate a range of mixtures. We investigate the reactions of metals and non- metals with acids and alkalis and examine the properties of metals and non- metals. We also explore the Earth’s structure in terms of rock types and how the Earth and universe is formed.

As Physicists we explore the effects of forces on objects and recognise the difference between contact and non-contact forces. We investigate how voltage, resistance and current can change in electrical circuits. We explore the different types of energy and how energy is transferred we also consider how energy is provided to our homes and the cost of this. We investigate how sound and light travel in waves.

Year 8

As Biologists we explore the human digestive and respiratory system and how these provide us with the essentials for life. We investigate the process of respiration and photosynthesis in plants and animals and how animals and plants have evolved over time.

As Chemists we explore the difference between atoms, elements, compounds and mixtures and how the periodic table was constructed. We investigate different types of chemical reactions including displacement, combustion, endothermic and exothermic reactions. We also explore how the climate on Earth is changing and how the Earth’s resources are changing.

As Physicists we explore the use of magnets and electromagnets, the effects of pressure in liquids and solids. We investigate how speed is measured and calculated and interpret distance-time graphs. We explore what happens to substances when they are heated or cooled and the practical implications of this. We also explore the electromagnetic spectrum, the effects of waves and wave properties.